National Flower Lotus Essay in English

Essay On Lotus: The National Flower Of India

National Flower Lotus Essay in English There is a wide range of flowers found in India. Every flower has its own beauty and significance. Today we would talk about the Lotus, which is known as the national flower of India. The national flower of a country should belong to the culture, heritage, and history of a nation. The national flower of a country is designed to reinforce the image of the country in the world. In addition, the national flower also upholds the qualities that the country holds true and if we see the Lotus flower, it is true in all terms.

Lotus is an aquatic herb, which is also called ‘Kamal ka Phool’ in Hindi and ‘The Padma’ in Sanskrit. It is also called Sacred Lotus because of its auspicious features. It has a great significance in Indian Culture. It represents the feature of Indian mythology, as well as the core values of the Indian soul.

national flower lotus essay in english
national flower lotus essay in english

Lotus Essay in English

Essay On Lotus Flower in English

The Lotus is a flower that symbolizes fruitfulness, spirituality, illumination, and knowledge. As it is an aquatic plant, it grows in murky water. Still, after growing in muddy water, its purity is untouched and uncommendable.

While on the other side, the lotus also symbolizes the purity of mind and heart. It is also known as water lily, which is an aquatic herb of Nymphaea species having broad floating leaves. The best part is that it has bright aromatic flowers, which develop only in shallow waters.

It has many petals that overlap in a proportional pattern. The lotus is equipped with root functions, which are carried out by rhizomes fanning out in a horizontal way through the mud under the water.

These flowers are appreciated for their tranquil beauty and we will feel delighted to look at them when they blossom openly on the surface of the ponds. It has 30 petals on average.

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10 Lines On Lotus in English


The Indian Lotus is inherent to Eastern Asia even though its distribution ranges through the world in a semi-tropical climate environment. It has a predominant feature in the Indian Subcontinent which includes Bangladesh, Myanmar, and India.

It is commonly found in other South-East Asian countries like Malaysia, Bali, Indonesia, etc. it is also to be seen in tropical parts of the USA. It is nurtured in Australia and other European countries for its aesthetic worth.


It belongs to the aquatic perennial herb family and develops in stationary water bodies. They prefer murky, shallow water in a warm environment. Its leaf stalks, stems, and roots are submerged in water while the flowers and leaves remain above the water surface.

The steam of Lotus remains under the ground in the muddy soil at the foot of the inhabiting water body. It changes into a structure called the rhizome that acts as a both storage organ and an anchoring device. Its roots are short and fibrous that grow out in clusters from the stem internodes.

These flowers have simple leaves, which mean one per leaf stalk. The leaf stalks arise upwards from the rhizomatous steam and these stalks are round, long, green, and hollow. The leaf stalks develop around 2 to 3 cm higher than the water’s surface holding up the leaves and flowers.

The vasculature of the lotus flower is porous that allowing the stalks and stems to stay floating in the water. Talking about the upper surface of the leaves, it is waxy and impermeable in water.

The lotus flowers are the major focus of the plant, which are huge and showy. The flower of the lotus plant is pink or white. It is cone-shaped and looks like a female reproductive structure from the center and is called the thalamus and layered by the delicate petals.

Its bud looks like a tear-drop having a pointy tip with tightly packed petals, which are translucent. The petals are open in a coinciding spiral pattern. The flower of the lotus gets opened in the morning and blossomed for 3 days.

The petals get closed after sunset duping in the pollinating agents. The receptacle of the spongy thalamus that is yellow in color and present in the center has ovaries, which get developed into seeds after the process of fertilization. These are surrounded by single chambers along the surface. The seeds of the lotus flowers are oval-shaped, hard, and have a dark brown color.

The method of cultivation

It is cultivated all over the world as its stems hold nutritional value. Moreover, this flower has an aesthetic value. The plants are mostly spread through seeds initially, which are placed in damp soil. Seeds should be exposed to sunlight for around 6 hours every day initially. For its cultivation, the temperature of around 25 to 30 degrees Celsius should be maintained.

Uses of the lotus flower

Along with the aesthetic value, it also holds medicinal and economical value. Its every part is consumable.

  • Its petals are used for ornamental purposes such as garnishing.
  • Its mature leaves are used for packaging and serving food.
  • The leaf stalks and rhizome are consumed as vegetables.
  • The rhizome is boiled, then sliced and fried, and consumed as salads, as well as pickles. It is full of fiber, many vitamins like B1, and B2, B6, and C, vital minerals like manganese, potassium, copper, and phosphorus.
  • Its seeds are used as nuts and consumed in a raw form.
  • The seeds of the lotus are ground to form a paste, which is a common ingredient used in Asian desserts such as rice flour pudding, mooncakes, and daifuku.
  • It also has curative properties and this is why it has been used in traditional medicine for many centuries. It helps you get rid of cardiac diseases, stomach and reproductive problems. Its root treats throat and skin pigmentation issues. It also treats infections such as diarrhea and smallpox.

Cultural significance

It holds cultural importance in both Buddhism and Hinduism. Many Hindu deities are depicted to be seated on this flower. It represents the preservability of purity of a person’s soul amidst the filth of mortal life. Lastly, it is a symbol of divine beauty and used as an expression to describe someone with delicate and pure features.

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