Maharana Pratap Essay In English, There were many kings in the history of India, who ruled over different dynasties in ancient times. Maharana Pratap Singh was one of them. He was the king of the Shishodia dynasty, which is in Udaipur, Mewar. He was courageous and determined, due to which his name has become memorable in the pages of history. Maharana Pratap Singh fought with the Mughal Emperor Akbar for several years and also defeated him in combat many times. He was full of qualities, which increased its popularity.
Maharana Pratap Essay in English
Essay on Maharana Pratap in English
Maharana Pratap Singh was brave, self-respecting, fearless, and a freedom-lover since his childhood. Due to his love for freedom, he rejected the conquest of Akbar. After seeing this, Mughal Emperor Akbar sent his peace diplomats to Maharana Pratap Singh four times, which include Mansingh, Jalal Khan Korchi, and Todarmal. In this essay, we are going to know more about the birth, early life, and history of Maharana Pratap Singh.
The early life of Maharana Pratap Singh
He was born on 9 May 1540 AD in Kumbhalgarh, which is a fort situated in Rajasthan. As per the Hindu calendar or Vikram Samvat Calendar, people celebrate his birth anniversary on Jyeshtha Shukla Tritiya. The name of his father was Maharana Uday Singh and his mother was Rani Jayavanta Bai, who was the daughter of Saungs Akhairaj of Pali. Maharana Pratap Singh was the grandson of Rana Sanga. His nickname was Kika.
His father had a second wife, named Dhirbai or also known as Rani Bhatiyani. Maharana Pratap Singh had a brother from his father’s second wife, named Kunwar Jagmal. Rani Dhirabai wished her son Kunwar Jagmal to rule Mewar. Kunwar Jagmal signed an agreement with Akbar when his brother Maharana Pratap Singh came into his opposition.
There is a temple of Ekling Mahadev in Udaipur, which was built by Bappa Rawal in the 8th century and he was the founder of Mewar. And the Ekling Statue was also present. In the temple of Lord Ekling, Maharana Pratap Singh took the pledge by imprecation that he will never accept Mughal Emperor Akbar as his king.
More about the story of Maharana Pratap Singh
Taking advantage of the hatred between Maharana Pratap Singh and his brothers, the Mughals spread their conquest over Chittor. Aside from that, a number of Rajput Kings also surrendered to the Mughal Emperor Akbar and recognized the suzerainty. This is how the power of Rajputana was being given to the Mughals.
But Pratap struggled progressively till his last breath. With the support of his father, Maharana Pratap Singh conquered the Mughals. He and his father lost the fort of Chittor due to the mutual differences between their family and feet. However, they both leave the fort for their betterment. This is how they protected the issues from outside.
People living in the fort and the entire family went towards Udaipur and Aravalli. His dedication and hard work made him capable of making Udaipur prosperous and safeguarding the subjects. Maharaj Rajputana was against Maharana Pratap Singh.
Short Note on Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap Singh had a horse named Chetak and he loved him the most. His horse was also brave like him. Throughout the war, his horse took Maharana Pratap Singh on his back and crossed the trough, which was several feet long to get rid of the Mughal army. But in the end, his horse was slaughtered because of serious injuries. There is a tomb of Chetak present in Chittor. Maharana Pratap Singh was capped at Gogunda.
His brother, Kunwar Jagmal started persecuting the people in Mewar against him as soon as he controlled the state. Pratap made many attempts to convince his brother not to murder people by torturing him. However, Jagmal felt proud to use this thing as his pride.
This is why Kunwar Jagmal ordered him to move out of the border of the state. It was his sincerity, he left from there with his horse.When Maharana Pratap Singh refused the proposal of Akbar, and the historical war of Haldighati was witnessed consequently.
10 Lines on Maharana Pratap in English
Maharana Pratap Singh and Akbar
The battle of Haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap Singh and Akbar on 18 June 1516. This terrible and destructive war looked like Mahabharta. Neither Maharana Pratap Singh nor Akbar could win this war.
The reason behind this thing is that the Mughals were equipped with more military power. On the other hand, Maharana Pratap Singh had enough combative power. Pratap Singh fought in the battle of Haldighati with his 20000 soldiers. While Akbar used his 85000 soldiers to fight against Maharana Pratap Singh. Still, Pratap did not give up and carried o fighting.
The armor of Maharana Pratap Singh was 72 kg and the spear was 81 kg. The total weight of his armor, spear, sword and shield was 208 kg. When the Maharana Udai Singh died, all the Mewar nobles gathered and put Maharana Pratap Singh in the power.
In 1582, the battle of Diwar is considered a vital war in the history of Rajasthan. The reason is that the lost kingdom of Maharana Pratap Singh was recaptured in this war. During this war, a very long fight took place between Maharana Pratap Singh and the whole Mughals.
Maharana Pratap History in English
Maharana Pratap Singh had done 11 marriages throughout his entire life. The names of his 11 wives were Maharani Azbade Punwar, Champabai Jhati, Amarbai Rathore, Alamdebai Chauhan, Jasobai Chauhan, Shahmatibai Hada, Ratnawatibai Parmar, Khichar Asha Bai, Lakhabai, Solankhinipur Bai, and Phool Bai Rathore.
Maharana Pratap Singh had 17 sons from all these queens, named Kunwar Natha Singh, Amar Singh, Sheikh Singh, Kunwar Durjan Singh, Sahas Mall, Kunwar Ram Singh, Kunwar Raibhana Singh, Kunwar Hathi Singh, Bhagwan Das, Kunwar Garbage Singh, Kunwar Kalyan Das, Chanda Singh, Kunwar Jaswant Singh, Kunwar Puran Mall, Kunwar Gopal, Kunwar Mal Singh, and Kunwar Sanwal Das Singh.
Maharana Pratap Singh was injured in a wild accident. He died on 29 January 1957. He was 57 years old when he died. To date, people celebrate his birth anniversary as a festival in his memory in Rajasthan. There is a tomb in his memory. His brave acts are still memorable.
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