Kittur Rani Chennamma Essay in English, India has a long history to get freedom. There were lots of warriors and patriotists in India who fought for the country’s freedom in different ways. Not only men but even there were some women who showed their love towards their country and helped it to get independence from British rule. Today, in this essay, we are going to talk about Kittur Rani Chennamma, who was the first warrior queen of the country.
Kittur Rani Chennamma Essay in English
Kittur Rani Chennamma History
In 1824, she led an armed rebellion against the British East India Company. Later she was arrested, but it was her courage and dedication, which made her capable of fighting against the British. This is how the independence movement was started in the country.
When we go deeper into the history of Kittur Rani Chennamma, you will come to know about many interesting things, which actually make you think that she was a real freedom fighter. She has a surprisingly amazing role in the freedom movement of our country.
About Kittur Rani Chennamma in English
Kittur Rani Chennamma was born on October 23, 1778, into a Desai family. She was born in a Kakati village, which was part of the previous kingdom of Kittur. This village was situated 5 km north of Belgaum in Karnataka. Since childhood, she underwent many pieces of training. This is how she was good at archery, sword fighting, and horse riding. When she was 15 years old, she was married to a king named Mallasarja Desai.
After becoming the queen of Kittur, she gave birth to a son. But unfortunately, her husband passed away, which made her break to a great extent. Again the sad news came in 1824 when her son died after the death of her husband. Now, she had to take responsibility for her kingdom to save it from British rule. She was strong enough to handle this responsibility. So, she took this responsibility and started fighting for her kingdom.
Essay on Kittur Rani Chennamma
Learn the role of Kittur Rani Chennamma in the Freedom struggle
After the death of her husband and son, Kittur Rani Chennamma decided to adopt a boy named Shivalingappa. This is how Shivalingappa become her successor. But the British East India Company did not agree with this thing. They did not accept Shivalingappa as her son. The main motive of the British East India Company was to take over the kingdom of Kittur, but Kittur Rani Chennamma did not want this to happen at any cost.
The British East India Company assumed that Kittur Rani Chennamma will easily give up, but nothing happened like that. British East India Company ordered the removal of her adopted son by making use of the Doctrine of Lapse. This thing did not affect her courage, she made all the efforts to save her kingdom from British rule.
She decided to write a letter to the governor of Bombay. In this letter, she requested the governor to take action against the British East India Company. Unfortunately, the governor did not entertain her request. On 21st October 1824, the British troop attacked her kingdom with an army of 200 men.
The number of 200 men in an army was huge as compared to the army of the Kittur Rani Chennamma. But the good thing was that the army of the Kittur Rani Chennamma fought great, which made the British army defeated.
Not only this, but even, two of the officers of the British army were also taken as hostages, which were Mr. Stevenson and Sir Walter Elliot. The British wanted to end this war and sent many proposals to her. She agreed to their proposal only on one condition. If the British army finishes the war, then only she will return their officers. The British East India Company was humiliated by their defeat by the army of Kittur Rani Chennamma.
They did not want her to let it go easily. The unfortunate thing happened to her when a few members of her army betrayed her. This is how she got a big defeat against the British troops during the attack of the British army on Kittur for the second time. It made her captured by the British army and sent to jail. Kittur Rani Chennamma was imprisoned for life at the Bailhongal Fort.
About the death of Kittur Rani Chennamma
She died in prison. When she was in jail, she read holy textbooks. This is how she spent her time in jail. After some time, the health of Kittur Rani Chennamma started worsening. It was the day of 21 February 1829, when she left for the heavenly abode in the Bailhongal Fort.
Her courage, determination, and hard work were qualities, which gave her the strength to fight against the British East India Company. She was a motivation to other freedom fighters at that time who also wanted to take on the British East India Company and make them go away from the country.
Kittur Rani Chennamma was one of the first women freedom fighters who showed some courage in fighting against British Colonization. Kittur Rani Chennamma is a national heroine. She is very famous in Karnataka. The Karnataka government has also made her symbol in the form of a statue to remember how she fought for the independence of the country. It also shows how Kittur Rani Chennamma supported the freedom movement in India.
A historical drama film was produced named Kitturu Chennamma, which was directed by B.R. Panthulu. This film was all about the life story of the Kittur Rani Chennamma. The best thing is that there is a popular daily Indian Railways Train that was named after Kittur Rani Chennamma.
This train is named Rani Chennamma Express, which connects Bangalore and Kolhapur. There are other statues of Kittur Rani Chennamma being installed in Bangalore and Kittur. This is how it showed the importance of freedom fighters in the freedom movement in India. It can be said that Kittur Rani Chennamma was a great personality with a freedom fighter. We can read a lot about Kittur Rani Chennamma in many books and on the web.
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